Dama or Türk Daması is a variant of Checkers (Draughts) played in Turkey. It is known in the west as Turkish Draughts or Turkish Checkers. The game can be played online on BrainKing, Gamerz, igGameCenter, Ludoteka, and PlayOK. It is very popular and there are clubs in Turkey and Germany organizing tournaments. Complicated endgame problems have been published in books, some of them dating from the 19th century.
The board is an 8×8 grid, with alternating dark and light squares. The left down square field should be dark.
Players start with 16 men that are lined up on each side, in two rows, skipping the furthest back.
The white (lighter color) side moves first. Players then alternate moves.
Men can move forward or sideways one square, capturing by means of a jump. When a man reaches the back row, he is promoted to a dama ("Lady") at the end of the move. Dama may move any number of squares forwards or sideways, capturing by jumping over any piece and landing in any square within permissible path beyond said piece.
Pieces are removed immediately upon capture. If a capture is possible, it must be done. If several ways of capturing are possible, the one that captures the most pieces must be chosen. No difference between dama and man is made in capture, they count as one piece each. If there is more than one way to capture the maximally possible number of pieces, then the player may choose which to take.
Unlike other checkers variants, since enemy pieces are removed immediately upon capture; as pieces are captured and removed from the board, it is possible to cross the same square (previously occupied by a captured piece) more than once (empty the 2nd time and afterwards) in the same capturing sequence.
After each capture the piece is removed from the board before jumping is continued; its removal may open up additional captures previously impossible.
Within a multicapture turning 180 degrees between two captures is illegal.
The game ends when a player has not any legal move left, either because all his pieces are captured or he is completely blocked. Then, his opponent has won the game.
Clubs and Federations
- Turkish Draughts Federation
- Archived homepage of a Turkish Draughts Club in Germany
- Virtual Turkish Draughts Club on Yahoo!
- Turkish Draughts on BrainKing
- Dama on igGameCenter
- Gamerz.net Dama on Gamerz
- Spanish site on Turkish Checkers
- Turkish Draughts on PlayOK